Spasticity

Spasticity is a condition in which there is an abnormal increase in muscle tone or stiffness of muscle, which may interfere with movement, speech, or be associated with discomfort or pain.

Spasticity is usually caused by damage to nerve pathways within the brain or spinal cord that control muscle movement. It may occur in association with spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, stroke, acquired brain injury, and a variety of degenerative diseases of the brain.

Symptoms may include increased muscle tone (hypertonicity), clonus (a series of rapid muscle contractions), exaggerated tendon reflexes, muscle spasms, scissoring (involuntary crossing of the legs), and fixed joints (contractures). The degree of spasticity varies from mild muscle stiffness to severe, painful, and uncontrollable muscle spasms.

Spasticity can interfere with rehabilitation in patients with certain disorders, and often interferes with daily activities.

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University Hospitals Sussex NHS Foundation Trust

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University Hospitals Sussex NHS Foundation Trust (UHSussex) was formed on 1 April 2021. The Trust was created by a merger of Brighton & Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, running hospitals in Brighton and Haywards Heath, and Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, running hospitals in Shoreham-by-Sea, Worthing and Chichester. It is an acute teaching hospital trust working across five main …

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Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

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Western Sussex Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust serves a population of around 450,000 people across a catchment area covering most of West Sussex. The Trust runs three hospitals: St.Richard’s Hospital in Chichester, Southlands Hospital in Shoreham-by-Sea and Worthing Hospital in the centre of Worthing. We became an NHS Foundation Trust on 1 July 2013, just over four years after the organisation …

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Sussex Community NHS Foundation Trust

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Sussex Community NHS Foundation Trust is part of the NHS that provides community services to patients in Sussex. It is houses in several sites across the county. The sections or departments that provide services to people with disabilities include the following: Community Equipment Service – West Sussex Community Neurological Rehabilitation Team (Brighton & Hove) Community Neurological Rehabilitation Team (Bognor Regis) …

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