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In some people the stomach acid or the stomach contents may come up into the throat and/or gullet connecting the throat to the stomach. This may occur at any time day or night, but is most common after meals and when lying down.
Symptoms include recurrent coughing, sore throat, heartburn or indigestion, excessive mucus or post nasal drip, an unpleasant taste, or a sensation of a lump in the throat.
This advice is designed to help neutralise the stomach acid, reduce the production of acid, and prevent acid from coming up into the oesophagus or gullet. You should adopt enough of these suggestions to get relief from your symptoms. Healing of the irritated oesophagus and throat will take time, and you should allow at least four to six weeks of careful treatment before expecting results and relief from symptoms.
There are many things you can do to help reduce the risk, frequency and/or severity of attacks of acid reflux.
Food and drink.
Food to avoid.
Certain medicines may increase your risk of getting acid reflux. These include
Do not stop taking medicines you have been prescribed, but ask your GP or pharmacist for advice if you think your medication is contributing to reflux.
Antacids such as Rennies are available without prescription at your local pharmacist. Antacids can interfere with the absorption of certain drugs, and it is therefore important to be aware of this side effect. In the beginning, you may wish to take an antacid just at bedtime, but if symptoms are very persistent, they can be taken 45 minutes after eating, every two hours between meals, and at bedtime.
Gaviscon is not antacid, but floats on top of the stomach acid, preventing oesophageal irritation, and is often found to be very helpful when taken regularly after meals and at bedtime. You can buy this from over the counter.
If you have any problems or are worried, please do not hesitate to contact us in the Ear, Nose and Throat Outpatient Department, Royal Sussex County Hospital. Telephone: 01273 696955 extension 64813.
This information is intended for patients receiving care in Brighton & Hove or Haywards Heath.
The information in this leaflet is for guidance purposes only and is in no way intended to replace professional clinical advice by a qualified practitioner.
Publication Date: May 2021
Review Date: February 2024