Use of pain relief ED leaflet

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Overview.The type of medicines that you need to treat your pain depend on what type of pain you have. For pain associated with inflammation, such as back pain or headaches, paracetamol and anti-inflammatory painkillers work best. If the pain is caused by sensitive or damaged nerves, as is the case with shingles or sciatica, it is usually treated with tablets …

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Nosebleed (epistaxis) emergency department leaflet

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What causes a nosebleed?A nosebleed (also known as epistaxis) is bleeding from the nose due to burst blood vessels at the front or back of the nostrils. The bleeding is usually mild and easily treated. If the bleeding is more severe, it is usually in older people or in people with other medical problems. We don’t always find a reason …

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Chest drain ED leaflet

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Overview This leaflet is for patients who have had a chest drain inserted during their hospital stay. A chest drain is a tube that is inserted into the chest and sits in the space between the lung and the chest wall. This space is lined by a membrane (thin layer) called the pleura, and is known as the pleural cavity …

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Catheters: Advice for patients discharged from the Emergency Department with a new urethral catheter

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What is a catheter? Your doctor has advised that you require a catheter inserted into your bladder to drain urine from it. A catheter is a small, flexible tube that is inserted through the water pipe (urethra) into the bladder to drain urine into a bag which is usually strapped to your leg. When the bag becomes full of urine, …

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Burns advice for patients visiting the Emergency Department

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Types of burnsYou have been discharged home from the Emergency Department following assessment of your burn. Burns are categorised according to the depth and extent of skin affected, and this guides our treatment. Superficial burns These affect just the surface of the skin, causing redness and pain. Partial thickness burns These are deeper than the superficial burns and can cause …

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Procedural sedation ED leaflet

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Overview. As part of your treatment you have been given medication that relieves anxiety and helps relaxation. You may have required a strong painkiller to be administered, either by mouth or as an injection. This is known as procedural sedation, medication that helps relax and/or provide pain relief whilst a procedure is being undertaken. The procedure could be the treatment …

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Domestic violence and abuse Emergency Department leaflet

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OverviewDomestic abuse is a health issue. Victims of domestic violence and abuse may experience the following: Suicidal thoughts and attempts. Depression. Low self esteem. Post traumatic stress disorder. Drug and alcohol dependency and repeated physical injuries. An estimated 7.5 percent of women (1.2 million) and 4.3 percent of men (713,000) experienced domestic abuse in the year ending March 2017. (The …

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